In this fast-paced world, most of us are inclined tofulfill personal and professional commitments. Because of this, many people tend to ignore their health. This ignorance can give rise to many physical and mental issues.
Have you ever heard a situation in which a person hears an unclear sound, ringing, buzzing, whistling, clicking sound, etc. without any external source of any kind of sound? This is the situation known as Tinnitus. The sound may be either loud or soft, low pitched or high pitched, and can appear to be originating in either one or both ears. In some people, tinnitus can cause depression, anxiety, and interferes with alertness.
There are four types of tinnitus that are explained below:
1. Subjective Tinnitus
2. Objective Tinnitus
3. Muscle Tinnitus
4. Neurological Tinnitus
Subjective Tinnitus �Thistype of tinnitus is the most prevalent and is found in the majority of patients. It can only be heard by the individual who is suffering from it. It is usually caused by exposure to loud noise. However, there is no certainty of this as it will appear and disappear suddenly or may last 3-12 months at a time. In some adverse cases, it will never stop.
Objective Tinnitus � This is a rare type of tinnitus that can be triggered by involuntary muscle contractions or vascular deformities. When the cause is treated then it stops entirely. This is the only type of the tinnitus that can be heard by the outside observer and only this type of tinnitus can be fixed permanently.
Neurological Tinnitus �Generally, it is caused by the Meniere disorder that disturbs the functionality of the brain’s auditory signals.
Somatic Tinnitus �It is linked with the sensory system.
There is also a subtype of tinnitus given below:
Musical Tinnitus � Itis also known as musical hallucinations or auditory imagery. People who are suffering from hearing loss are prone to this type of tinnitus,though some people with higher sensitivity are also prone to this symptom.
Tinnitus involves the annoying sensation of hearing an unwanted sound in its absence. Tinnitus causes are given below:
1. Age-related hearing loss: As our age increases, hearing ability can become worse, andhearing loss can cause tinnitus. The medical term used for this is known as presbycusis.
2. Exposure to loud noise: Loud noises, such as heavy equipment, chainsaws, and firearms are the common sources of noise-related hearing loss. Portable devices such as MP3 players can also cause tinnitus.
3. Earwax blockage: Earwax protects your ear canal by capturing dirt and reducing the growth of bacteria. When too much earwax collects then it can get quite hard and doesn’t get washed away naturally. It can lead to hearing loss, irritation in the ear drum, and can also cause tinnitus.